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By Georgina M. Montgomery

A better half to the historical past of yankee Science deals a set of essays that provide an authoritative review of the latest scholarship at the heritage of yank science.

  • Covers issues together with astronomy, agriculture, chemistry, eugenics, vast technological know-how, army expertise, and more
  • Features contributions via the main entire students within the box of technological know-how history
  • Covers pivotal occasions in U.S. historical past that formed the advance of technology and technology coverage comparable to WWII, the chilly battle, and the Women’s Rights movement

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Extra info for A Companion to the History of American Science

Example text

Those collections were in service of a perennial project in American anthropology; with them Hrdliˇcka and his collaborators worked to identify connections between American Indian nations and establish the patterns of their ancestors’ migration into the Americas. As anthropology found an expanding home in the universities, Earnest A. Hooton (1887–1954) emerged as a prominent academic leader in physical anthropology. Hooton earned a doctorate in classics at the University of Wisconsin before taking up a professorship at Harvard, where he became an authority on human evolution.

1022). One of the basic commitments of early agricultural scientists included the fundamental belief that increasing productivity was an unproblematic goal of agricultural research (Rosenberg 1997), as most if not all humans are vulnerable to food-borne risk and food and fiber are of paramount importance when meeting basic human needs (Thompson and Noll 2014). The technologies developed from this research placed farmers on what is commonly called the “technology treadmill,” as producers who refused or could not afford to implement technological advances commonly found themselves out of business (Hightower 1975; MacKenzie 1991).

By 1996, the Environmental Protection Agency had granted 35 approvals to commercially grow 8 genetically engineered crops and, by 2000, scientists developed “golden rice,” which was the first genetic engineering project aimed at increasing the nutrient value of food. Especially prominent debates on genetic modification include disputes over the ownership and patenting of genetic resources, potential health risks of these products, whether or not such products should be labeled, which types of transformations are or are not acceptable, animal welfare issues, and potential ecosystem effects (Lynas and Tudge 2014; Thompson and Noll 2014).

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