Download A Guide to Physics Problems Part 2: Thermodynamics, by Sidney B. Cahn, Gerald D. Mahan, Boris E. Nadgorny, Max PDF

By Sidney B. Cahn, Gerald D. Mahan, Boris E. Nadgorny, Max Dresden

In order to equip hopeful graduate scholars with the information essential to cross the qualifying exam, the authors have assembled and solved usual and unique difficulties from significant American universities – Boston college, college of Chicago, college of Colorado at Boulder, Columbia, collage of Maryland, collage of Michigan, Michigan country, Michigan Tech, MIT, Princeton, Rutgers, Stanford, Stony Brook, collage of Tennessee at Knoxville, and the collage of Wisconsin at Madison – and Moscow Institute of Physics and expertise. quite a lot of fabric is roofed and comparisons are made among related difficulties of alternative faculties to supply the coed with sufficient info to think cozy and assured on the examination. Guide to Physics Problems is released in volumes: this e-book, Part 2, covers Thermodynamics, Statistical Mechanics and Quantum Mechanics; Part 1, covers Mechanics, Relativity and Electrodynamics.

Praise for A advisor to Physics difficulties: half 2: Thermodynamics, Statistical Physics, and Quantum Mechanics:

"… A consultant to Physics difficulties, half 2 not just serves an enormous functionality, yet is a excitement to learn. via picking difficulties from diverse universities or even diverse medical cultures, the authors have successfully kept away from a one-sided method of physics. all of the difficulties are reliable, a few are very fascinating, a few definitely interesting, a couple of are loopy; yet them all stimulate the reader to contemplate physics, now not basically to coach you to cross an examination. i actually bought huge excitement in operating the issues, and that i could bet that any one who desires to be a certified physicist may adventure comparable amusement. … This ebook might be a good support to scholars and professors, in addition to a resource of enjoyment and enjoyment." (From Foreword through Max Dresden)

"An very good source for graduate scholars in physics and, one expects, additionally for his or her teachers." (Daniel Kleppner, Lester Wolfe Professor of Physics Emeritus, MIT)

"A great collection of difficulties … Thought-provoking, exciting, and simply undeniable enjoyable to solve." (Giovanni Vignale, division of Physics and Astronomy, collage of Missouri at Columbia)

"Interesting certainly and stress-free. the issues are creative and their options very informative. i might definitely suggest it to all graduate scholars and physicists regularly … really helpful for academics who want to take into consideration difficulties to offer of their course." (Joel Lebowitz, Rutgers University)

"A very completely assembled, attention-grabbing set of difficulties that covers the major parts of physics addressed through Ph.D. qualifying assessments. … Will end up most beneficial to either college and scholars. certainly, I plan to exploit this fabric as a resource of examples and illustrations that may be labored into my lectures." (Douglas turbines, college of California at Irvine)

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Additional resources for A Guide to Physics Problems Part 2: Thermodynamics, Statistical Physics, and Quantum Mechanics

Sample text

38 Entropy of Ideal Gas (Princeton) A vessel of volume contains N molecules of an ideal gas held at temperature and pressure The energy of a molecule may be written in the form where denotes the energy levels corresponding to the internal states of the molecules of the gas. a) Evaluate the free energy F. Explicitly display the dependence on the volume Now consider another vessel, also at temperature containing the same number of molecules of the identical gas held at pressure b) Give an expression for the total entropy of the two gases in terms of c) The vessels are then connected to permit the gases to mix without doing work.

39 21 Chemical Potential of Ideal Gas (Stony Brook) Derive the expression for the Gibbs free energy and chemical potential of N molecules of an ideal gas at temperature pressure P, and volume V. Assume that all the molecules are in the electronic ground state with degeneracy At what temperature is this approximation valid? 40 Gas in Harmonic Well (Boston) A classical system of N distinguishable noninteracting particles of mass is placed in a three-dimensional harmonic well: a) Find the partition function and the Helmholtz free energy.

At some point, the chamber is vented so that it is filled with air up to atmospheric pressure, whereupon the valve is closed. The temperature of the air surrounding the chamber is What is the temperature T of the gas in the chamber immediately after venting? 28 Cylinder and Heat Bath (Stony Brook) Consider a cylinder 1 m long with a thin, massless piston clamped in such a way that it divides the cylinder into two equal parts. The cylinder is in a large heat bath at The left side of the cylinder contains 1 mole of helium gas at 4 atm.

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