By Mark Swenarton, Tom Avermaete, Dirk van den Heuvel
In the many years following global conflict , and partly in keeping with the chilly battle, governments throughout Western Europe set out bold programmes for social welfare and the redistribution of wealth that aimed to enhance the typical lives in their electorate. lots of those welfare nation programmes - housing, colleges, new cities, cultural and leisure centres – concerned not only development yet a brand new method of architectural layout, within which the welfare ambitions of those state-funded programmes have been delineated and debated. The effect on architects and architectural layout used to be profound and far-reaching, with welfare kingdom tasks relocating centre-stage in architectural discourse not only in Europe yet worldwide.
This is the 1st ebook to discover the structure of the welfare country in Western Europe from a world point of view. With chapters overlaying Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Sweden and the united kingdom, the booklet explores the complicated function performed by way of structure within the formation and improvement of the welfare country in either thought and perform.
- the function of the equipped setting within the welfare country as a political venture
- the colonial size of eu welfare kingdom structure and its ‘export’ to Africa and Asia
- the position of welfare kingdom initiatives in selling buyer tradition and fiscal growth
- the photograph of the collective produced via welfare kingdom architecture
- the position of architectural innovation within the welfare state
- the function of the architect, in place of building businesses and others, in identifying what used to be built
- the dating among architectural and social theory
- the function of inner institutional critique and the counterculture.
Contributors comprise: Tom Avermaete, Eve Blau, Nicholas Bullock, Miles Glendinning, Janina Gosseye, Hilde Heynen, Caroline Maniaque-Benton, Helena Mattsson, Luca Molinari, Simon Pepper, Michelle Provoost, Lukasz Stanek, Mark Swenarton, Florian city and Dirk van den Heuvel.
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Extra resources for Architecture and the Welfare State
27 During this period, federal and municipal planning and housing agencies were mired in bureaucracy, resistant to new ideas, and set on enforcing restrictive norms. In the early 1960s these included a limited amount of prefabrication: industrially produced large panel wall components (based on the French Camus system), but no effort was put into developing the system further. 28 In the 1960s Austria’s priority, especially in Vienna, was economic growth: creation of jobs, attracting business and manufacturing, providing credits, improving workforce potential through advanced training and childcare facilities, among other measures.
Reprinted in O. A. Graf, Otto Wagner. , Vienna, Cologne, Graz: Böhlau Verlag, 1985, II: 640–647. It was published in English in 1912 as ‘The Development of a Great City’, by Otto Wagner: Together with an Appreciation of the Author by A. D. Hamlin, Architectural Record, 31 (New York, 1912), 485–500. 18 O. ’ Arbeiter-Zeitung, 24 October 1923, 6. 19 Strnad’s project was published in Das Kunstblatt (1924): 110. It seems curiously reminiscent of John Nash’s 1811 design for Regent’s Park in London. 20 For the pre-war history of the Terrassenhaus, see R.
8 29 30 Eve Blau It was the Austro-Marxists’ broad concept of culture – as encompassing all aspects of everyday life – that led the Social Democratic municipality of Red Vienna to put special emphasis on the development of a new Wohnkultur, a new form of socialized urban living in Vienna. The new socialist Wohnkultur was conceived in terms of the city and urban life. This was in part because the city was the full extent of Red Vienna itself, but it also had ideological roots. The Austro-Marxists understood the housing question in Vienna as a problem of planning that involved not only the provision of private dwelling space, but also public space in the city.