Allied Health Professions

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By Raymond G. Daniloff

Connectionist money owed of language acquisition, processing, and dissolution proliferate regardless of assaults from a few linguists, cognitive scientists, and engineers. even though the networks of exquisitely interconnected perceptrons postulated by means of PDP theorists will not be anatomically homologous with real mind anatomy, a growing to be physique of study means that the posited community services can help many human behaviors. This quantity brings jointly members with numerous backgrounds and views to discover, for the 1st time, the medical implications of whole-language connectionist types. Demonstrating that those versions are strong and feature defined many phenomena of language acquisition, language treatment, and speech processing, specially on the engineering point, they concentration in particular on purposes of connectionist concept to behind schedule language, aphasia, phonological acquisition, and speech conception. Connectionist types, they finish, supply a brand new interpretive framework for the dialogue of knowledge processing in people and different animals that would be of serious application to all those that learn language and search to interfere in language problems.

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Additional info for Connectionist approaches to clinical problems in speech and language: therapeutic and scientific applications

Sample text

When it rolled away, he reinitiated attempts to retrieve and play with it. Clearly, the network of interconnected units Tyrone had for the car had changed across time. Insights into what had changed and how this change had occurred is derived from a constructivist theory proposed by Piaget (1954), and interpreted here in terms of a connectionist model. Assimilation and Accommodation Piaget (1954) described learning as occurring through a process of cognitive constructivism, or building an internal system of knowledge through interactions with the environment.

The two cars will have perceptual differences, such as a metal finish on Tyrone's car and a plastic finish on the day-care car. Thus, only some of the units for color, size, and shape of the object will be the same, while the features that differ will activate slightly different patterns of input and connectivity (McClelland & Rumelhart, 1986). The configuration of internal activation will therefore be similar for the two cars, but not identical. , assimilation). But the differences in color, shape, or texture will add activation from input units.

Bottle”), so that each experience with a bottle is not an unknown and perplexing event. Despite variations in color, texture, or shape of the actual object, the representation for “bottle’’ will be strongly activated and the child will respond to the object in a predictable and adaptive manner. The representation is thus different from the actual object because input from the object is integrated into the existing network. This enables the specific event or experience to be interpreted according to all prior knowledge that the system has already constructed and that can be reactivated within the network (Rumelhart & McClelland, 1986).

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