By Prof. Dr.-Ing. Eberhard Abele, Prof. Dr.-Ing Reiner Anderl, Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dr. h. c. Herbert Birkhofer (eds.)
Development of environmentally pleasant items profits an expanding - portance in technological know-how and in undefined. whereas product improvement was once strongly devoted to in attaining caliber, rate and time ambitions, environmental matters in a roundabout way had consistently been into account by way of engineers, see Fig. 1. moreover a strategy for the improvement of environm- tally sound items used to be lacking. regardless of of vital development in utilizing machine aided instruments for product improvement and layout, environmental features have been attended. desktop aided instruments commonly don't contain equipment for contemplating environmental concerns allowing the dressmaker to - sess a product’s environmental results. Fig. 1. imaginative and prescient of setting as a key goal for product improvement v vi Preface Product similar environmental concerns have become increasingly more political and public information. improvement of environmentally pleasant items has turn into an motion merchandise for either, politics and (UNFCCC 1997). strength intake is at the time table and covers toxins and source saving. ordinary issues of directives of the eu Union are waste, noise, pollution, water, nature and biodiversity, soil security, civil defense and weather switch. After the interpretation into nationwide legislation the advance of environmentally pleasant items is a easy method of give a contribution to the fulfilment of the themes pointed out above. within the ecu group a “Communication from the fee to the Council and the eu Parliament” on “Integrated Product coverage” was once followed on th 18 June 2003 (EC 2003).
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Additional info for Environmentally-Friendly Product Development: Methods and Tools
3). To obtain some results for the exemplary steel network, a vector for the two economically advantageous items is provided. With an assumed demand for 2 kg of steel and no iron, the complete system matrix and the solution is given in the next figure.
2 covers the production, including all technical processes needed to manufacture the final product starting with the semi-finished product and ending with the distribution of the product. First, a method for conducting a life cycle inventory analysis following ISO 14041 is introduced, because the general structure of the different manufacturing processes is similar. More specifically, the manufacturing processes forming, machining, injection moulding and surface treatment are highlighted both in general and in relation to environmental aspects.
Its airflow resistance is nearly independent of the fill level. The separation of fine dust is achieved by a rolled-up filter tape. Just a little part of the filter tape is in the airflow (Fig. 22). In the first step, a CAD prototype of the environmentally improved vacuum cleaner was developed (Fig. 23). Cyclone filter Fine dust filter tape Filter tape housing Fan motor Fig. 22. Design concept to reduce the process conditional loss of suction power Fig. 23. CAD prototype design of the vacuum cleaner The identified design measures must be evaluated.