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By Miller G. A.

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Extra resources for Felix Klein and the History of Modern Mathematics

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For instance a skill-and-capital intensive transferred technology may at a later stage in its life cycle employ large numbers of abundant unskilled or semi-skilled workers directly and employ a range of available resources through its demands on ancillary servicing sectors. 70 At the same time the improvement engineering developed in order to modify a relatively inappropriate technology may well generate skills and expertise and facilities which will produce growth bonuses at a later time. 71 R&D improvements may increase the absorptive capacity of the economy as well as improve the quality of new, original technological choices.

C. O. Mathews has distinguished between institutions which define and confer property rights, those which stabilise conventions of economic behaviour, and those which circumscribe the operation of markets for labour, capital and so on. It is quite possible that institutions which provide 'sets of rights and obligations affecting people in their economic lives' may be understood in terms of general economic laws. 63 But it is more obvious that there exist many institutions in the cultural, schooling and communications areas which are not particularly sensitive to economic circumstances, and, thus, to economic analysis.

De Fontenelle published his The Plurality oj Worlds, which not only epitomised much of the Newtonian corpus in malleable form, but also hammered out at least some of the implications of the new science for the world view of the European intellectuals. By inference, induction was carried into the European religious and political system. Writing solely of France, Barber has claimed that 'the philosophes and their writings became for many relatively unsophisticated bourgeois the symbols of secularised thought'.

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