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By Margaret J. Osler

The medical Revolution (roughly 1500 to 1700) is taken into account to be the relevant episode within the historical past of technological know-how, the old second while "modern technological know-how" and its attendant associations emerged. This publication demanding situations the conventional historiography of the medical Revolution. beginning with a discussion among Betty Jo Teeter Dobbs and Richard S. Westfall, whose figuring out of the clinical Revolution differs in vital methods, the papers during this quantity re-examine canonical figures, their components of analysis, and the formation of disciplinary barriers in this seminal interval of eu highbrow historical past.

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18 Already in the eighteenth century d'Alembert had trouble with his hero Francis Bacon. After calling the lord chancellor "immortal" and praising him to the skies for his bold new opinions and his attacks on University Press, 1984); and Feingold, "The Oxford Curriculum in SeventeenthCentury Oxford/' in The History of the University of Oxford, vol. 4, ed. Nicholas Tyacke (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997). 17 The interest in Jesuit science has accelerated in recent years; the latest effort on that topic is a collection of essays edited by Mordechai Feingold, The Jesuits and the Scientific Revolution (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997).

He quite rightly emphasizes the epistemological and linguistic background to Lavoisier's new chemical nomenclature (which his own work has done so much to elucidate). Crosland's sketch of the chemical revolution is more traditional than that of Allen Debus, but he does implicitly challenge Butterfield's "postponed" revolution in chemistry by making eighteenthcentury pneumatic chemistry a necessary precondition for Lavoisier's work. "Had [Lavoisier] been born a generation earlier he could not have propounded the oxygen theory," Crosland observes, nor could Dalton have done his work without Lavoisier.

Jacob, The Cultural Meaning of the Scientific Revolution, New Perspectives on European History (New York: Knopf, 1988). 16 Francis Bacon, Novum organum, bk. 1, aphorism 73, in "Advancement of Learning" and "Novum organum," introd. James Edwin Creighton, rev. ed. (New York: Colonial Press, 1899), pp. 334-5; Charles B. Schmitt, John Case and Aristotelianism in Renaissance England, McGill-Queen's Studies in the History of Ideas, 5 (Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1983); Schmitt, The Aristotelian Tradition and Renaissance Universities (London: Variorum, 1984); Mordechai Feingold, The Mathematicians' Apprenticeship: Science, Universities, and Society in England, 1560-1640 (Cambridge: Cambridge 33 34 B.

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